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Google’s Research In Artificial Intelligence Helps In Preventing Blindness Caused by Diabetes

One of the principal causes of blindness is Diabetic Retinopathy (DR), a medical condition in which damage occurs to the retina due to diabetes. According to the United States National Library of Diabetes, more than 40 percent of Americans diagnosed with diabetes have some stage of Diabetic Retinopathy. The International Diabetes Federation estimates that there 415 million diabetic patients worldwide have the risk of DR.

Ophthalmologists diagnose the diabetic eye disease by examining the pictures of the back of the eye for lesions. The severity is indicated by the presence of lesions that indicate bleeding and fluid leakage in the eye. Only experienced doctors and specialists can scan and interpret these pictures. There is an acute shortage of qualified ophthalmologists that can diagnose diabetic eye, which puts many patients at the risk of losing their eye sight.

Google Brain, the research team within Google that focuses on the application of AI, has collaborated with doctors in India and US to help them diagnose DR. The team has collected over 128,000 images that were each evaluated by 3-7 ophthalmologists from a panel of 54 ophthalmologists. These images were fed to a deep learning algorithm for creating a model to detect Diabetic Retinopathy. The performance of the algorithm was tested on two different datasets totaling to 12,000 images.

The predictions from Google Brain’s neural network algorithm were so close that it is considered to be on par with the diagnosis of experienced ophthalmologists. The application of Machine Learning (ML) in Diabetic Retinopathy is a breakthrough in the fields of AI and healthcare. Automated diagnosis of DR with higher accuracy can assist eye hospitals in evaluating more patients and prioritizing the treatment. This technology has the potential to fill the shortage existing in ophthalmology departments.

Read the entire article at Forbes

Janakiram MSV is an analyst, advisor, and architect. Follow him on Twitter,  Facebook and LinkedIn.

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Janakiram MSV heads the Cloud Infrastructure Services at Aditi Technologies. He was the founder and CTO of Get Cloud Ready Consulting, a niche Cloud Migration and Cloud Operations firm that recently got acquired by Aditi Technologies. In his current role, he leads a highly talented engineering team that focuses on migrating and managing applications deployed on Amazon Web Services and Microsoft Windows Azure Infrastructure Services.
Janakiram is an industry analyst with deep understanding of Cloud services. Through his speaking, writing and analysis, he helps businesses take advantage of the emerging technologies. He leverages his experience of engaging with the industry in developing informative and practical research, analysis and authoritative content to inform, influence and guide decision makers. He analyzes market trends, new products / features, announcements, industry happenings and the impact of executive transitions.
Janakiram is one of the first few Microsoft Certified Professionals on Windows Azure in India. Demystifying The Cloud, an eBook authored by Janakiram is downloaded more than 100,000 times within the first few months. He is the Chief Editor of a popular portal on Cloud called www.CloudStory.in that covers the latest trends in Cloud Computing. Janakiram is an analyst with the GigaOM Pro analyst network where he analyzes the Cloud Services landscape. He is a guest faculty at the International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad (IIIT-H) where he teaches Big Data and Cloud Computing to students enrolled for the Masters course. As a passionate speaker, he has chaired the Cloud Computing track at premier events in India.
He has been the keynote speaker at many premier conferences, and his seminars are attended by thousands of architects, developers and IT professionals. His sessions are rated among the best in every conference he participates.
Janakiram has worked at the world-class product companies including Microsoft Corporation, Amazon Web Services and Alcatel-Lucent. Joining as the first employee of Amazon Web Services in India, he was the AWS Technology Evangelist. Prior to that, Janakiram spent 10 years at Microsoft Corporation where he was involved in selling, marketing and evangelizing the Microsoft Application Platform and Tools.