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In The Era of Artificial Intelligence, GPUs Are The New CPUs

Traditionally, computing power is associated with the number of CPUs and the cores per processing unit. During the 90s, when WinTel started to invade the enterprise data center, application performance and database throughput were directly proportional to the number of CPUs and available RAM. While these factors are critical to achieving the desired performance of enterprise applications, a new processor started to gain attention – Graphics Processing Unit or GPU.

For many of us, GPUs remind of the video cards that were designed for graphic-intensive games. These were purely optional, which didn’t influence the buying decision of an average user investing in a PC or server. Only those gaming junkies playing popular PC games like Quake and Half-life appreciated the power of GPUs. But in the era of Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence, GPUs found a new place that makes them as relevant as CPUs.

But, why is the GPU getting so much attention now? The answer lies in the rise of deep learning, an advanced machine learning technique that is heavily used in AI and Cognitive Computing. Deep learning powers many scenarios including autonomous cars, cancer diagnosis, computer vision, speech recognition, and many other intelligent use cases.

Like most of the ML algorithms, deep learning relies on sophisticated mathematical and statistical computations. Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) and Recurrent Neural Networks (RNN) are some of the modern implementations of deep learning. These neural nets emulate human brain with close resemblance to neuroscience. Each type of neural net is aligned with a complex use case like classification, clustering and prediction. For example, image recognition and face recognition use CNN while Natural Language Processing (NLP) relies on RNN. ANN, the simpler ones of all the neural networks is often used predictions involving numerical data.

Read the entire article at Forbes

Janakiram MSV is an analyst, advisor, and architect. Follow him on Twitter,  Facebook and LinkedIn.

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Janakiram MSV heads the Cloud Infrastructure Services at Aditi Technologies. He was the founder and CTO of Get Cloud Ready Consulting, a niche Cloud Migration and Cloud Operations firm that recently got acquired by Aditi Technologies. In his current role, he leads a highly talented engineering team that focuses on migrating and managing applications deployed on Amazon Web Services and Microsoft Windows Azure Infrastructure Services.
Janakiram is an industry analyst with deep understanding of Cloud services. Through his speaking, writing and analysis, he helps businesses take advantage of the emerging technologies. He leverages his experience of engaging with the industry in developing informative and practical research, analysis and authoritative content to inform, influence and guide decision makers. He analyzes market trends, new products / features, announcements, industry happenings and the impact of executive transitions.
Janakiram is one of the first few Microsoft Certified Professionals on Windows Azure in India. Demystifying The Cloud, an eBook authored by Janakiram is downloaded more than 100,000 times within the first few months. He is the Chief Editor of a popular portal on Cloud called www.CloudStory.in that covers the latest trends in Cloud Computing. Janakiram is an analyst with the GigaOM Pro analyst network where he analyzes the Cloud Services landscape. He is a guest faculty at the International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad (IIIT-H) where he teaches Big Data and Cloud Computing to students enrolled for the Masters course. As a passionate speaker, he has chaired the Cloud Computing track at premier events in India.
He has been the keynote speaker at many premier conferences, and his seminars are attended by thousands of architects, developers and IT professionals. His sessions are rated among the best in every conference he participates.
Janakiram has worked at the world-class product companies including Microsoft Corporation, Amazon Web Services and Alcatel-Lucent. Joining as the first employee of Amazon Web Services in India, he was the AWS Technology Evangelist. Prior to that, Janakiram spent 10 years at Microsoft Corporation where he was involved in selling, marketing and evangelizing the Microsoft Application Platform and Tools.