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Tutorial: Deploy a Highly Available WordPress Instance as a StatefulSet in Kubernetes 1.5

At The New Stack, we covered various strategies for running stateful workloads on the Kubernetes container orchestration engine. This article takes a practical, hands-on approach to deploying a highly available WordPress application in Kubernetes based on the strategies and best practices that were discussed earlier. We will cover everything from setting up the Kubernetes cluster to configuring shared storage to deploying the stateful application to configuring auto scaling of the application.

Deploying and managing traditional workloads such as databases and content management systems in a containerized environment calls for a different approach. While it may be easy to package, deploy, manage, and scale contemporary, cloud native applications in Kubernetes, managing a MySQL cluster or a fleet of WordPress containers requires an understanding of how storage, networking, and service discovery work in Kubernetes environment. We will explore these concepts in the context of running a reliable, highly available content management system (CMS) powered by MySQL and WordPress.

Attributes of a Highly Available WordPress Deployment

WordPress is a stateful application the relies on two persistence backends: A file system and MySQL database. To ensure high availability of the application, we need to maximize the uptime of the core PHP application, the underlying storage layer backing the file system, and the data tier powered by MySQL.

When the traffic increases, the core PHP application should elastically scale to meet the load requirements. Each new instance should have read/write access to the file system to access and update the content. The file system capacity should proportionally increase as the content grows. Though not completely elastic, the data tier should also be able to scale-in and scale-out on-demand.

Kubernetes and other container management platforms support scaling the stateless PHP application effortlessly. However, scaling the storage backend and the MySQL data tier is not an easy task. The concept of StatefulSets, introduced in Kubernetes 1.5 precisely address the issue of scaling stateful workloads. We will leverage this concept in designing our deployment strategy.

Read the entire article at The New Stack

Janakiram MSV is an analyst, advisor, and architect. Follow him on Twitter,  Facebook and LinkedIn.

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Janakiram MSV heads the Cloud Infrastructure Services at Aditi Technologies. He was the founder and CTO of Get Cloud Ready Consulting, a niche Cloud Migration and Cloud Operations firm that recently got acquired by Aditi Technologies. In his current role, he leads a highly talented engineering team that focuses on migrating and managing applications deployed on Amazon Web Services and Microsoft Windows Azure Infrastructure Services.
Janakiram is an industry analyst with deep understanding of Cloud services. Through his speaking, writing and analysis, he helps businesses take advantage of the emerging technologies. He leverages his experience of engaging with the industry in developing informative and practical research, analysis and authoritative content to inform, influence and guide decision makers. He analyzes market trends, new products / features, announcements, industry happenings and the impact of executive transitions.
Janakiram is one of the first few Microsoft Certified Professionals on Windows Azure in India. Demystifying The Cloud, an eBook authored by Janakiram is downloaded more than 100,000 times within the first few months. He is the Chief Editor of a popular portal on Cloud called www.CloudStory.in that covers the latest trends in Cloud Computing. Janakiram is an analyst with the GigaOM Pro analyst network where he analyzes the Cloud Services landscape. He is a guest faculty at the International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad (IIIT-H) where he teaches Big Data and Cloud Computing to students enrolled for the Masters course. As a passionate speaker, he has chaired the Cloud Computing track at premier events in India.
He has been the keynote speaker at many premier conferences, and his seminars are attended by thousands of architects, developers and IT professionals. His sessions are rated among the best in every conference he participates.
Janakiram has worked at the world-class product companies including Microsoft Corporation, Amazon Web Services and Alcatel-Lucent. Joining as the first employee of Amazon Web Services in India, he was the AWS Technology Evangelist. Prior to that, Janakiram spent 10 years at Microsoft Corporation where he was involved in selling, marketing and evangelizing the Microsoft Application Platform and Tools.